The fact that this man was a Jebusite got me thinking more about Ornan. I knew that there was something about the Jebusites that I was not remembering. So, I did a little corresponding with my computer's concordance. The Jebusites, for one thing, are mentioned back in Genesis 15:21 as one of the pagan peoples that God would be removing from the land He promised to Abraham. More specifically, their former city of Jebus became what King David renamed Jerusalem.
"Aha," I said to myself, "I found it!"
Ornan, as he is called in 1 Chronicles, is also known as Araunah in 2 Samuel. I would like to put in just the passage found in 2 Samuel 24:17-25 for study:
"And David spoke unto the LORD when he saw the angel that smote the people, and said, Lo, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly: but these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, be against me, and against my father's house. And Gad came that day to David, and said unto him, Go up, rear an altar unto the LORD in the threshingfloor of Araunah the Jebusite. And David, according to the saying of Gad, went up as the LORD commanded. And Araunah looked, and saw the king and his servants coming on toward him: and Araunah went out, and bowed himself before the king on his face upon the ground. And Araunah said, Wherefore is my lord the king come to his servant? And David said, To buy the threshingfloor of thee, to build an altar unto the LORD, that the plague may be stayed from the people. And Araunah said unto David, Let my lord the king take and offer up what seemeth good unto him: behold, here be oxen for burnt sacrifice, and threshing instruments and other instruments of the oxen for wood. All these things did Araunah, as a king, give unto the king. And Araunah said unto the king, The LORD thy God accept thee. And the king said unto Araunah, Nay; but I will surely buy it of thee at a price: neither will I offer burnt offerings unto the LORD my God of that which doth cost me nothing. So David bought the threshingfloor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So the LORD was entreated for the land, and the plague was stayed from Israel."
First of all, here is the whole reason there was a plague in Israel,
"And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel. And David said to Joab and to the rulers of the people, Go, number Israel from Beer-sheba even to Dan; and bring the number of them to me, that I may know it. And Joab answered, The LORD make his people an hundred times so many more as they be: but, my lord the king, are they not all my lord's servants? why then doth my lord require this thing? why will he be a cause of trespass to Israel? Nevertheless the king's word prevailed against Joab. Wherefore Joab departed, and went throughout all Israel, and came to Jerusalem. And Joab gave the sum of the number of the people unto David. And all they of Israel were a thousand thousand and an hundred thousand men that drew sword: and Judah was four hundred threescore and ten thousand men that drew sword. But Levi and Benjamin counted he not among them: for the king's word was abominable to Joab. And God was displeased with this thing; therefore he smote Israel."
I Chronicles 21:1-7
I was impressed by Joab's response, because he was not always a faithful fellow; but, at least here he shows discernment. It is evident that Satan was stoking the flames of David's pride, and David bit. He was not going to be swayed by the plea of his servant Joab, and it was not until the fruition of his sin did he repent, (by the way, it took the men who numbered Israel nine months and twenty days, 2 Samuel 24:8). By the time David repented, God already decided there was going to have to be punishment.
He was given three options:
- 7 years of famine,
- 3 months of running from his enemies, or
- 3 days' plague by the Lord's hand.
I find it interesting that God told him to go to a Jebusite's home. David overcame the Jebusites to have what is now Jerusalem. I am sure they were not exactly peaches-and-cream over the idea of that defeat. They were also listed with other pagan nations God was going to remove from the land for Abraham and his seed. Yet, the place God wanted David to sacrifice was at the threshing floor of a Jebusite.
The Jebusite Araunah was extremely diplomatic to the king who took his land. He was willing to give all his equipment and livestock necessary for offering. It is worthy to note that in 1 Chronicles 21:23, Araunah (mentioned as Ornan) offers not only his oxen and threshing instruments, but also wheat for a meat offering. That was not a cheap offering! David realized this fact, and gave him 600 shekels of gold (shekel = weight).
The fact that God mentions that Araunah treated David as a king to a king is notable. He did not have to be that way, yet he was. If God noticed it to have mentioned it, no doubt David, a man after God's heart, noticed it, too. Araunah shows humility and diplomacy, something I know I lack a great deal of both.
The thing that I take from these two passages is the fact that I need to be humble, diplomatic, and willing to give what is asked of me or needed of me. Araunah was willing to do all, without any air of arrogance, or showing at all that he would be put out by it. How many times do I struggle to give because it requires me to do without? I must remember that God gives me those opportunities to give to glorify Him, as Araunah did. I must also remember that I must always show diplomacy, for I am an ambassador for Christ.